A famous Bolivian politician is named for Evo Morales. Moreover, he was also a cocalero activist who served as the 80th President of Bolivia from 2006 to 2019. He is famous for being the country’s first president to come from the indigenous population, his administration focused on the implementation of leftist policies, poverty reduction, and combating the influence of the United States and multinational corporations in Bolivia. He is also the head of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) party. He resigned amidst significant unrest on 10th November 2019 after the military issued an ultimatum demanding his resignation in the wake of a report by the Organization of American States alleging his government had rigged the year’s elections. He flew to Mexico aboard a Mexican Air Force plane on 12th November 2019, after having accepted the Foreign Minister’s offer of asylum.
Evo Morales accepts political asylum in Mexico
Evo Morales has accepted an offer of political asylum in Mexico a day after resigning as president of Bolivia amid election fraud protests. In a tweet, he said it hurt to be leaving Bolivia but he would return with more “strength and energy”. Mexico’s Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, confirmed Mr Morales had boarded a Mexican government plane. Bolivia’s military commander ordered troops to back up police who have clashed with Morales supporters. Some 20 people were reported injured in the clashes.
Who are the Parents and Siblings of Evo Morales?
On 26th October 1959, Evo Morales was born as Juan Evo Morales Ayma. His birthplace is in Isallavi, Bolivia. He belongs to Bolivian nationality and his race/ethnicity is Aymara. As of 2019, he celebrated his 60th birthday. He was born to Dionisio Morales Choque and Maria Ayma Mamani, his parents. He was one of the seven children born to his parents. Only he and two siblings, Esther and Hugo, survived past childhood. His mother almost died from a postpartum hemorrhage following his birth. His parents then sent him to study for a degree in Oruro and he finished all of his courses and exams by 1977, earning money on the side as a brick-maker, day laborer, baker and a trumpet player for the Royal Imperial Band. At the end of his higher education, he failed to collect his degree certificate. He then served his mandatory military service in the Bolivian army from 1977 to 1978.
How tall is Evo Morales?
Being at the age of sixty, Evo Morales looks very handsome and young. With his glowing face and charismatic personality, he has attracted a lot of people towards him. His body build is Average. His hair color and eye color, both are black. His exact height, weight, and other body measurements is still to get unfold yet but it will be added once we get details about it. Overall, he has got a healthy body.
How was the Politics Career of Evo Morales?
- Evo Morales joined a trade union of cocaleros in El Chapare.
- He was appointed local Secretary of Sports where he organized soccer tournaments, among union members and he earned the nickname of “the young ball player” because of his tendency to organize matches during meeting recesses.
- Becoming increasingly active in the union, from 1982 to 1983, he served as the General Secretary of his local San Francisco syndicate.
- He served as Secretary of Records for the movement from the year 1984 to 1985.
- He then became General Secretary of the August Second Headquarters in 1985.
- He was elected to the position of Executive Secretary of the Federation of the Tropics in the yea 1988.
- He spoke at a one-year commemoratory event of the Villa Tunari massacre in which 11 coca farmers had been killed by agents of the Rural Area Mobile Patrol Unit (Unidad Móvil Policial para Areas Rurales-UMOPAR) in the year 1989.
- He made various international trips to champion the cocalero cause, speaking at a conference in Cuba in the year 1992.
- In August 1994, he was arrested; reporters present at the scene witnessed him being beaten and accosted with racial slurs by civil agents.
- Again, he was arrested in April 1995 during a sting operation that rounded up those at a meeting of the Andean Council of Coca Producers that he was chairing on the shores of Lake Titicaca.
- He began supporting the formation of a political wing in 1989, although a consensus in favor of its formation only emerged in the year 1993.
- At the 7th Congress of the Unique Confederation of Rural Laborers of Bolivia on 27th March 1995, a “political instrument” (a term employed over “political party”) was formed, named the Assembly for the Sovereignty of the Peoples.
- He was appointed the chairman of the Committee of the Six Federations of the Tropics of Cochabamba, a position that he retained until 2006 in the year 1996.
- He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in the National Congress as a representative for El Chapare, having secured 70.1% of the local vote.
- He led another cocalero march from El Chapare to la Paz.
- He had not taken a leading role in the protests but did use them to get across his message that the MAS was not a single-issue party, and that rather than simply fighting for the rights of the cocalero it was arguing for structural change to the political system and a redefinition of citizenship in Bolivia.
- He then resigned due to terminal illness, and Jorge Quiroga took over as President in August 2001.
- Their campaign was successful, and in the 2002 presidential election the MAS gained 20.94% of the national vote, becoming Bolivia’s second-largest party, being only 1.5% behind the victorious MNR, whose candidate, Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, became President where they won 8 seats in the Senate and 27 in the Chamber of Deputies.
- He then led calls for President Sanchez de Lozada to step down over the death toll, gaining widespread support from the MAS, other activist groups, and the middle classes; with pressure building, Sanchez resigned and fled to Miami, Florida.
- He was replaced by Carlos Mesa, who tried to strike a balance between U.S. and cocalero demands, but whom Morales mistrusted.
- He spent 24 hours with Cuban President Fidel Castro in Havana in November where he met Argentinian President Nestor Kirchner.
- He was the first victory with an absolute majority in Bolivia for 40 years.
- He was widely described as Bolivia’s first indigenous leader, at a time when around 62% of the population identified as indigenous; political analysts, therefore, drew comparisons with the election of Nelson Mandela to the South African Presidency in 1994 being president-elect.
- He traveled to Cuba to spend time with Castro.
- His inauguration took place on January 22 in La Paz where he wore an Andeanized suit designed by fashion designer Beatriz Canedo Patino.
- He gave a speech that included a minute silence in memory of cocaleros and indigenous activists killed in the struggle.
- By 2012 only 3 of the 20 cabinet members identified as indigenous.
- He took increasing state control of the hydrocarbon industry with Supreme Decree 2870 and he symbolically reversed this, so that 82% of profits went to the state and 18% to the companies.
- Due to which, Bolivia had received $173 million from hydrocarbon extraction in 2002, by 2006 they received $1.3 billion.
- His first year in office ended with no fiscal deficit while during the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 it maintained some of the world’s highest levels of economic growth.
- He traveled to Havana in April 2005 for knee surgery, there meeting with the two nations’ presidents, Castro and Chavez.
- He visited the U.S. for the first time to attend the UN General Assembly, where he gave a speech condemning U.S. President George W. Bush as a terrorist for launching the War in Afghanistan and Iraq War, and called for the UN Headquarters to be moved out of the country.
- UNESCO declared that Bolivia was freed of illiteracy in the year 2009 and he was re-elected as president of Bolivia in the same year.
- He was elected to a third term as president of Bolivia in the year 2014.
- He condemned the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict and declared Israel a “terrorist state” on 31st July 2014.
- He surpassed Andres de Santa Cruz’s nine years, eight months, and twenty-four days in office and became Bolivia’s longest-serving president on 17th October 2015.
- On 10th January 2019, he attended the swearing-in ceremony of Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro for his second term.
- He condemned the arrest by the United Kingdom of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange in April 2019.
- He won 47.1% of the vote in the first round of the 2019 Bolivian general election on 20th October 2019.
- The police joined the protests against Morales and on November 10 according to the New York Times: “the commander of Bolivia’s armed forces, Gen. Williams Kaliman, said the military chiefs believed he should step down to restore ‘peace and stability and for the good of our Bolivia.'”
- He flew to Mexico and accepted asylum there on 12th November.
Is Evo Morales married?
Regarding the marital status of Evo Morales, he is not married yet and he is still living a single life. He has two children from different mothers. They are his daughter Eva Liz Morales Alvarado and son Alvaro Morales Paredes. As of today, he is living a happy life without any disturbances. His sexual orientation is straight and he is not gay.
How much is Evo Morales Net Worth?
The net worth of this famous politician is estimated to have $500 Thousand according to the sources as of 2019. His major sources of earning is from his politics career. His exact salary is still to get revealed yet as it has not been disclosed by himself either by any internet websites yet. But it will be added soon once we get details about it. As of today, he is satisfied with whatever he is receiving. He is living a luxurious lifestyle. At present, there is no information about his cars.