Susan Brownell Anthony, popularly known as Susan B. Anthony was an American activist who was a pioneer crusader for the woman suffrage movement in the United States and president from 1892 to 1900 of the National Woman Suffrage Association. Her work helped pave the way for the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 to the Constitution, giving women the right to vote. Let’s know more about her through this article.
What is Susan B Anthony Best Known for?
Susan B. Anthony was an American feminist who played a major role in the women’s suffrage movement and served as the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. She was committed to social equality and was also a civil rights activist and abolitionist.
Where was Susan B. Anthony from?
Recalling her early life, Anthony was born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read in Adams, Massachusetts in the year of 1820. Her father, a Quaker was an abolitionist and a temperance advocate. Her parents instilled in her the values of justice and integrity at an early age.
As a young girl sh,e became involved in the anti-slavery movement and collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. Her father encouraged all his children to get a good education, but unfortunately due to a financial crisis, she had to discontinue her studies in 1837.
Where did Susan B. Anthony pursue her teaching career?
- To help her family financially, Anthony took up a teaching job at a Quaker boarding school. By 1846, she had risen to the position of the headmistress of the female department of the Canajoharie Academy. Her family had always been active in social reform movements and now her interest in social reform was also growing.
- The Canajoharie Academy closed in 1849 and she took over the operation of the family farm in Rochester. She managed the farm for a couple of years, but it did not take her long to realize that she wanted to fully engage herself in reform work.
How Susan B. Anthony became social activist?
- Moving towards her career, Anthony met the prominent feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1851. She and Stanton, who had been one of the organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention, became friends and collaborated in their work in support of women’s suffrage.
- At the state teacher’s convention in 1853, she called for women to be admitted to the profession and for better pay for women teachers.
- By 1859, she had spoken before several other teachers’ conventions arguing for coeducation and claiming that men and women were not intellectually different.
She was also active on the anti-slavery front during the 1850s and became an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1856. In this position, she was responsible for arranging meetings, making speeches, and distributing leaflets.
- As an activist, she was subjected to numerous challenges but she remained steadfast in her dedication towards abolitionism.
At this time, She was more involved in the abolitionist movement than she was in women’s suffrage. However as she became more aware of the cruelties faced by women in the male-dominated society, she decided to dedicate more of her efforts to the women’s rights movement.
- In 1863, She and Stanton organized the Women’s Loyal National League to campaign for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would abolish slavery.
The league provided an opportunity for the women’s rights activists to align the fight against slavery with the fight for women’s rights. It had a membership of 5000 which greatly helped the women’s rights movement is gaining momentum.
- The two women began publishing a weekly newspaper called The Revolution in New York City in 1868. The newspaper primarily lobbied for women’s rights, especially suffrage for women. The newspaper’s motto was “Men their rights, and nothing more; women their rights, and nothing less.”
- In 1868, She and Stanton founded the National Woman Suffrage Association in response to whether the woman’s movement should support the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Both of them opposed the Fifteenth Amendment unless it included the vote for women.
Her relentless campaigning continued throughout the 1870s and 1880s, and she even voted illegally in the presidential election in 1872. Her subsequent arrest helped to gain even more support for the cause.
- In the 1880s, she worked on the History of Woman Suffrage with Stanton, Matilda Joslyn Gage, and Ida Husted Harper. It was published in four volumes and detailed the history of the women’s suffrage movement, primarily in the United States.
The Encyclopedia of Women’s History in America described the History of Woman Suffrage as the fundamental primary source for the women’s suffrage campaign.
- She was in her seventies in the 1890s but age did nothing to dampen her spirits. She continued to travel and speak extensively on women’s suffrage and initiated the Rochester branch of the Women’s Educational and Industrial Union in 1893.
- She had become a prominent national figure by now and her eightieth birthday was celebrated at the White House at the invitation of President William McKinley.
Who Was Susan B. Anthony married To?
Reflecting on her personal life, Anthony never married and was not known to have been in any serious romantic relationship entire her life. But she had a very close personal and professional relationship with fellow reformer Elizabeth Cady Stanton. She even lived in the Stanton household for some time and helped her married friends in taking care of the children. Even though the two women developed differences in ideologies in their later years, they continued to be close friends until the very end.
She remained very active in the women’s rights movement even when she was in her seventies. After having lived for years in hotels and with friends and relatives, she finally moved in with her sister in 1891.
How did Susan B. Anthony die?
Susan B. Anthony died on March 13th, 1906 at the age of 86, due to heart failure and pneumonia. At the time of her death, women had achieved suffrage in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Idaho, and she was happy at the progress made by the movement.
The U.S. Post Office issued its first postage stamp honoring Susan B. Anthony in 1936. Her home in Rochester is now a National Historic Landmark called the National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House. In 1979, the United States Mint began issuing the Susan B. Anthony dollar.
How tall was Susan B. Anthony?
Before her death, Anthony stands a height of 5 feet 5 inches and her weight is currently unknown. Her other body information is yet to be disclosed. In the case of disclosed, we will let you know.